International copyright laws


A copyright is a set of exclusive rights granted by government for a limited time to regulate the use of a particular form, way or manner in which an idea or information is expressed. Copyright may subsist in a wide range of creative or artistics forms or "works". These include literary works, movies, musical works, sound recordings, paintings, photographs, software, and industrial designs. Copyright is a type of intellectual property. Copyright law only covers the particular form or manner in which ideas or information have been manifested. It is not designed or intended to cover the actual concepts, facts, styles or techniques which may be embodied in or represented by the ideas or information. You need a copyright attorney to provide copyright protection.

Copyright and peer to peer (P2P) file sharing

On several web sites, ads are placed like the following:

Free DVD quality movies
Get 80 million Movies and TV-shows on your PC. Fast & Easy Setup.

Download Music & MP3's
Download Unlimited Music & MP3's. Fast & Easy. No fees per download.

The owners of the sites claim the following concerning copyright:

    "There are currently millions of users downloading and trading files legally on file-sharing networks. You can, for example, legally download music from over 850 bands and over 20,000 live concerts but also have access to multiple software titles and games. File sharing has enabled music fans from around the world to build the largest library of recorded music in history. File sharing is not illegal as long as you obey and comply with all relevant copyright laws. Sharing copyrighted material without the permission to do so is illegal."

The "Betamax" ruling is seen as making file sharing legal. The articles below provide more detail on this.


  • ADA Compliance
  • Anti-UCITA Clause
  • Archiving Format
  • Archiving Right
  • Archiving Rights
  • Authorized User Definition
  • Authorized Users
  • Auto Renewal
  • Citation Requirement Detail
  • Completeness of Content
  • Concurrent User 1
  • Concurrent User 2
  • Concurrent Users
  • Confidentiality of User Information
  • Confidentiality of User Information Indicator
  • Continuous Use Down Time
  • Course Pack Electronic
  • Course Packs
  • Course Reserve Print
  • Coverage (Electronic Holdings?)
  • Cure Period for Alleged Breach
  • Database Protection Override Clause Indicator
  • Digitally Copy
  • Digitally Copy Term Note
  • Electronic Access Provider (Distributor)
  • Electronic Resource Package (eResource Package)
  • Electronic Resource (eResource)
  • Electronic Title (eTitle)
  • Explicit Renewal
  • Fair Use
  • Fair Use Clause Indicator
  • Format
  • Governing Law
  • ILL (Usable for InterLibrary Loan)
  • Interlibrary Loan Electronic
  • Interlibrary Loan Print Or Fax
  • Interlibrary Loan Secure Electronic Transmission
  • Interlibrary Loan Term Note
  • License
  • Licensed Locations
  • Licensee
  • Licensing Notes
  • Licensor
  • Link to Redacted License Agreement
  • Linking to and from Content
  • Notice Period for Termination
  • Order
  • Other Restrictions
  • Other Use Restriction Note
  • Other User Restrictions
  • Perpetual Access Holdings
  • Perpetual Access Right
  • Perpetual Access (Perpetual Rights)
  • Prevailing Electronic Link
  • Price
  • Print Copy
  • Print Copy Term Note
  • Print Title
  • Publisher
  • Renewal Date
  • Rights Holders
  • Scholarly Sharing
  • Vendor
  • Walk-Ins permitted
  • Articles

  • A Lukewarm Defense of the Digital Millennium Copyright Act
  • A Quick and Inexpensive System for Resolving Digital Copyright Disputes
  • A Right to Read Anonymously: A Closer Look at Copyright Management In Cyberspace
  • Copyright's Communications Policy
  • Copyright and Antitrust Issues
  • Copyright and Comics in Japan: Does Law Explain Why All the Cartoons My Kid Watches are Japanese Imports?
  • Copyright and Digital Media in a Post-Napster World - International Supplement
  • Copyright and Internet Music Transmissions: Existing Law, Major Controversies, Possible Solutions
  • Copyright and Time: A Proposal
  • Copyright as Entry Policy: The Case of Digital Distribution
  • Copyright Critics
  • Copyright History and the Future - What's Culture Got to Do With It?
  • Copyright in the EU and U.S.: What 'Access-Right'?
  • Copyright initially developed in reEssay - How Copyright Got a Bad Name For Itself
  • Copyright Use and Excuse on the Internet
  • Copyright, Borrowed Images and Appropriation Art: An Economic Approach
  • Copyright, Licensing, and the 'First Screen'
  • Copyright, Piracy and Fair Use in the Networked Age A Cato Policy Analysis
  • From Having Copies to Experiencing Works: the Development of an Access Right in U.S. Copyright Law
  • Grossly Excessive Penalties in the Battle Against Illegal File-Sharing: The Troubling Effects of Aggregating Minimum Statutory Damages for Copyright Infringement
  • Indefinitely Renewable Copyright
  • Indirect Liability for Copyright Infringement: An Economic Perspective
  • International Copyright: From a "Bundle" of National Copyright Laws to a Supranational Code?
  • Internet Service Provider Liability for Subscriber Copyright Infringement, Enterprise Liability and the First Amendment
  • Is Copyright Property? A Comment on Richard Epstein's Liberty vs. Property
  • Linking, Framing and Copyright: A Comparative Law Approach
  • Price Discrimination, Personal Use and Piracy: Copyright Protection of Digital Works
  • Reducing Digital Copyright Infringement Without Restricting Innovation
  • Reforming Information Law in Copyright's Image
  • The Case against Copyright: A Comparative Institutional Analysis of Intellectual Property Regimes
  • The Concept of Authorship in Comparative Copyright Law
  • The Copyright Divide
  • The Escalating Copyright Wars
  • The Future of Copyright
  • The Impact of Reprography on the Copyright System
  • Toward Supranational Copyright Law? The WTO Panel Decision and the 'Three-Step Test' for Copyright Exceptions
  • Warez Trading and Criminal Copyright Infringement
  • Why Copyright Law May Have a Net Negative Effect on New Creations: The Overlooked Impact of Marketing

    Articles on copyright law | Definitions of copyright law | Quotes on copyright law

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